Three events of 2015—the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, adopted at the Third World Conference on Disaster Reduction, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, and the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)—have created new windows of opportunities for mainstreaming DRR in development.
The Sendai Framework has substantially expanded the scope of DRR to include natural hazards as well as humanmade and all related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks. It has broadened the task of mainstreaming to include the private sector, cultural heritage and tourism. It has advocated an all-of-society and whole-of-government approach for DRR. It has set seven global targets of risk reduction to be achieved by 2030 and prescribed 91 activities for DRR at all levels, clustered within four priorities for action.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that now replace the Millennium Development Goals. These goals, with 169 targets, cover every sector of development that concerns the economy, society and the environment. At least eight of the goals and their targets have elements of DRR and building resilience embedded within them. Reducing the risk of disasters across all these sectors is no longer a task of an agency responsible for DRM but of all sectors engaged in a society’s development.
The Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework on Climate Change has, for the first time ever, an article that “recognizes the importance of averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, including extreme weather events and slow onset events, and the role of sustainable development in reducing the risk of loss and damage”. The Paris Agreement has undertaken to enhance “understanding, action and support” in eight areas of DRR. These are early warning systems; emergency preparedness; slow-onset events; events that may involve irreversible and permanent loss and damage; comprehensive risk assessment and management; risk insurance facilities, climate risk pooling and other insurance solutions; non-economic losses; and resilience of communities, livelihoods and ecosystems.
Integration of risk informed development has particular importance in the ECIS region, with its unequal burden of disasters due to accumulated layers of hazards, vulnerabilities and risks. This existing complexity is further compounded by new drivers of risks, including climate change. The manner in which the region addresses the risk factors in all new investments in the public and private sectors and how it further mainstreams DRR into current and future policies, plans, programmes and projects will shape the outcome of the global development agenda over the next 10 years.
UNDP works in more than 170 countries to simultaneously reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development that leads to transformational change and brings about real improvements in people’s lives. As part of its mandate UNDP Istanbul Regional Hub, under the Climate and Disasters portfolio, is implementing several regional initiatives within in the framework of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including Stakeholder Engagement for Uranium Legacy Remediation in Central Asia Phase II in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
The objective of the Uranium II project is to reduce risk of the negative impact of the uranium waste on people, livelihoods, and environment through raising awareness and supporting people-centered, gender sensitive, risk-informed solutions in legacy sites at the level of local communities in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
Objectives of the assignment
The main objective of the assignment is to provide technical assistance to IRH CDT team with the promotion of risk informed development and forward-looking prevention through various initiatives, including Post-Disaster Needs Assessment/Covid Recovery Needs Assessment (PDNA/CRNA) and Gets Airports Ready for Disasters (GARD), as well as support of regional knowledge exchange: man-made and technological disasters under the project “Stakeholder Engagement for Uranium Legacy Remediation in Central Asia Phase II in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan”.